“I became a journalist to come as close as possible to the heart of the world.” – Henry Luce

Sunday, 28 December 2014

The definitions of society and culture

The society is to refer to members of specific groups. For example,  Teacher's Society, and Students society and the like. The term "Society" refers not to group of people but to the complex pattern of the norms of interaction that arise among them.  A society is intangible; it is a process rather than a thing, motion rather than structure". Society is a web of social relationships, the pattern of norms of interaction by which the members of the society maintain themselves.

Definition of society:
Some definitions of the term "society" are given below:
Maclver and Page:
"Society is a system of usages and procedures, authority and mutual aid, of many groupings and divisions, of human behavior and of liberties"
“Society is a complex of forms or processes each of which is living and growing by interaction with the other, the whole being so unified that what takes place in one part affects all the rest".
Basic Elements of Human Society
From a sociological standpoint, all human societies can be described using four different domains;They are

Economic System
This domain describes how a society produces and then distributes its limited resources.

State or Political System
This domain describes the institutions in a particular society that have a legitimate monopoly on violence, force, and power and thus can organize the society.

Cultural System
The stores of information, including the imagery and media of expression that binds a group, that are passed through generations. The cultural system of a society creates a sense of meaning; a vision that allows humans to understand the past, present, and future, and their role in time/place.

Family System
The standard ways in which children are raised.

Culture consists of the beliefs, behaviors, objects, and other characteristics common to the members of a particular society. Through culture, people and groups define themselves, conform to society's shared values, and contribute to society. Thus, culture includes many societal aspects: language, customs, values, norms, mores, rules, tools, technologies, products, organizations, and institutions

Popularly speaking, being cultured means being welleducated, knowledgeable of the arts, stylish, and wellmannered. 

High culture—generally pursued by the upper class—refers to classical music, theater, fine arts, and other sophisticated pursuits. Members of the upper class can pursue high art because they have cultural capital, which means the professional credentials, education, knowledge, and verbal and social skills necessary to attain the “property, power, and prestige” to “get ahead” socially. 

Low culture, or popular culture—generally pursued by the working and middle classes—refers to sports, movies, television sitcoms and soaps, and rock music. Remember that sociologists defineculture differently than they do cultured, high culture, low culture, and popular culture.

Sociologists define society as the people who interact in such a way as to share a common culture. The term  refer to people who share a common culture in a particular location. For example, people living in Tirunelveli developed different cultures from those living in Chennai cultures. In time, a large variety of human cultures arose around the world.
Culture and society are intricately related. A culture consists of the “objects” of a society, whereas a society consists of the people who share a common culture. 


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