Sunday, 29 June 2014


Several principles are essential to an understanding of human communication in all its forms.

Communication is Purposeful
We communicate for a purpose; some motivation leads  us to communicate. When we speak or write, we are  trying to send some message and trying to accomplish some goal
five general purposes seem relatively common to all forms of communication:
to learn: to acquire knowledge of others, the world, and ourself
to relate: to form relationships with others,
to interact with others as individuals
to help: to assist others by listening, offering solutions
to influence: to strengthen or change the attitudes or behaviors of others
to Entertain: to enjoy the experience of the moment

Communication is Transactional
Communication is transactional, which means that the elements in communication

(1)   Always changing,: It’s an ongoing activity; all the elements of communication are in a state of constant change. The people with whom we are  communicating are  changing, and our environment is changing. Nothing in communication ever remains static.

(2) Interdependent (each influences the other): Each element relates integrally to every other element. For example, there can be no source without a receiver.

(3) Depend on the individual : Communication is influenced by a multitude of factors such as context, our history, past experiences, attitudes, cultural beliefs, self-image, future expectations, emotions, and our psychological climate.

(4)Each person in the communication act is both speaker and listener : Each person is an interaction is both sender and receiver.

Communication is a Package of Signals
Communication involve usually, verbal and nonverbal behaviors. Our entire body works together— verbally and non verbally—to express our thoughts and feelings.  The socially acceptable message is usually communicated verbally while the less socially acceptable message is communicated non verbally.

Communication is a Process of Adjustment
Communication can take place only to the extent that the communicators use the same system of signals.You will only be able to communicate with another person to the extent that our language systems overlap.  In reality, however, no two persons use identical signal systems, so a process of adjustment is relevant to all forms of communication.

Communication is Ambiguous
Ambiguous messages are messages with more than one potential meaning. Sometimes this ambiguity
occurs because we use words that can be interpreted differently. 

Communication is Punctuated
Communication events are continuous transactions.There’s no clear-cut beginning or ending. We divide up this continuous, circular process into causes and effects, or stimuli and responses.

Communication is Inevitable, Irreversible, and Unrepeatable
Communication is a process that is inevitable, irreversible, and unrepeatable. Communication messages
are always being sent, and  response, and it communicates.