Monday, 2 November 2015

Common Perceptual Tendencies

ATTRIBUTION
It is the process of attaching meaning to behaviour. We attribute meaning to both our actions and actions of others.  but we usually use different yardsticks. Attribution is a one of biggest problem  and interfere with understanding and agreement.

WE MAKE SNAP JUDGEMENT
There are many cases when judging others without enough knowledge or information can get into trouble.. Snap judgement become particularly problematic when they are based on stereo typing. Stereotypes based on primitive categories like race genderThe ego centric tendency  and age.

WE OFTEN JUDGE OURSELVES MORE CHARITABLE THAN WE JUDGE OTHERS
We have the self serving bias.  when others suffer we often blame the problem on their personal qualities. On other hand when we suffer we find explanation outside ourselves. We trend to judge ourselves in the most generous terms as possible.

WE PAY MORE ATTENTION TO NEGATIVE IMPRESSION THAN POSITIVE ONES
Attitude make sense. People are ware of both the positive and negative traits of another. They tend to be more  influenced by the negative traits.

WE ARE INFLUENCED BY WHAT IS MOST OBVIOUS
There are three factors that cause us to  notice some messages and ignore others.  they are stimuli, motives, and  contrastive
.
WE CLING TO FIRST IMPRESSIONS EVEN IF WRONG
Labeling people according to our first impressions is an inevitable part of the perception process. The labels are a way of making interpretations.

WE TEND TO ASSUME THAT OTHERS ARE SIMILAR TO US
People commonly imagine that others possess the same attitudes and motives that they do. People with low self esteem  imagine that others like them too.

PERCEPTION AND CULTURE
When communications come from different cultures the potential for misunderstanding is ever greater. Culture provides  a perceptual filter that influences the way we interpret even the simplest event.  North American culture view that talk as  desirable. Silence in conversational situations has a negative value. It is likely to interpreted as  lack of interest unwillingness to  communicate , hostility anxiety, shyness.  In asian cultures discourage the expression of thoughts and feelings.

source:mmunication-page no 48  Understanding Human communication, tenth indian edition Ronald B adler George Rodman

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