Choosing your topicThe first step of a speaker is to choose the topic to . Once we have chosen a topic we can be on the lookout for ideas. We can pop up in a variety of ways, we can surfing the Web, talking to friends, or listening to a lecture in class. After choose our topic we can begin developing it.face
1. Defining PurposeThe first step in understanding the purpose is to formulate a clear and precise statement of that purpose.
- General Purpose . Their are three types of general purpose, the purpose is general one.
- To Entertain: To give our audience an enjoyable listening experience.
- To Inform: To enlighten our audience by teaching it something.
- To Persuade: To move our audience toward a new attitude or behaviour.
- Specific Purpose: This purpose is a specific one, our speech to accomplish a purpose.
- Result oriented: A result oriented purpose means that our purpose is focused on the outcoming we want to accomplish with our audience members. For example our purpose is to tell our audience about organic farmimg.
- .Specific: To be effective a purpose statement should be worded specifically . After our speech we would realise the purpose achieved and the audience will be able to following organic farming and decide to cultivate their farm through . organic method
- Realistic: We need to design a purpose that has a reasonable chance of sucess. After listening our speech , audience will be able to list four sample steps to take to avoid becoming a victim of fertilise using agriculture.
2. Analysing the speaking Situation
Before choosing a speech topic, speakers should perform an audience analysis to determine what topics might be appropriate and of interest to this specific group. The speaker has little information to decide what to cover and how to approach the audience; the competition judge has little information to assess the likely effectiveness of the effort. Speakers with specific audiences in mind generally present a clearer message.
- Audience Analysis: at least three types of audience we are likely to encounter. They are passers by, captives and volunteers. Passersby, as the name implies are peopl who are not much interested. Captives are audience members who have gathered for some reason beside the joy of hearing a speech. Volunteers are audience members who gathered together because of common interest. Students in elective courses especially those with long waiting lists social organisation and action groups.
- The Occasion
3. Gathering Information
We can collect information through various method they are
Source Ronald B Adler& George Rodman-Understanding Human Communication