Nonverbal communication is probably most easily explained in terms of the various channels through which
messages pass. The most consider channels are : (1) body,(2) face, (3) eye, (4) space, (5) artifactual, (6) touch,(7) para language, (8) silence, (9) time, and (10) smell. Kinesics is the study of nonverbal communication through face and body movements
The body reveals ones ethnicity nationality. The weight in proportion to height the length, color, and style of hair, the general attractiveness is also a part of body communication. In body communication there are five major types of movements : emblems, illustrators, affect displays, regulators, and adaptors
Emblems. Emblems are body gestures that directly translate into words or phrases; for example, the OK
In the United States, to say “hello” you wave with your whole hand moving from side to side, but in
a large part of Europe that same signal means “no.” In Greece such a gesture would be considered
insulting. In Texas the raised fist with little finger and index finger held upright is a positive expression of support, because it represents the Texas longhorn steer. But in Italy it’s an insult that means “Your
spouse is having an affair with someone else.” In the United States and in much of Asia, hugs are
rarely exchanged among acquaintances; but among Latins and southern Europeans, hugging is a common greeting gesture, and failing to hug someone may communicate unfriendliness.
Illustrators. We using illustrates with verbal messages they accompany. For example we
illustrate with our hands, or head and general body movements. In communication the illustrators increase our ability to remember the message.
Affect Displays. Affect displays are movements of the face ,the hands and general body that communicate emotional meaning. Often the "affect displays" are unconscious; we often smile or moving our hands and head with out our conscious awareness.
Regulators. Regulators are behaviors that monitor, control, coordinate, or maintain the communication of another individual. When we nod our head,we tell the speaker to keep on speaking; when we lean forward and open our mouth, we tell the speaker that we would like to say something.
Adaptors. Adaptors are gestures that satisfy some personal need, such as moving our hair out of our eyes or rubbing our nose, or folding our arms in front of you to keep others a comfortable distance from us
Facial movements communicates various messages seem to communicate the degree of pleasantness, agreement, and sympathy felt.The facial movements may express at least eight emotions: happiness, surprise, fear,anger, sadness, disgust, contempt, and interest Facial expressions of these emotions are generally called primary affect displays: They indicate relatively pure, single emotions. Other emotional states are called affect blends. We communicate the blended feelings with different parts of your face. For example, we may experience both fear and disgust at the same time. Our eyes and eyelids may signal fear, and movements of your nose, cheek, and mouth area may signal disgust.
- To intensify: to exaggerate our astonishment at a surprise party to make your friends feel better.
- To be intensify: to cover up our own joy about good news in the presence of a friend who didn’t receive any such news.
- To neutralize: to cover up our sadness so as not to depress others.
- To mask: to express happiness in order to cover up our disappointment
- To simulate: to express an emotion we did n’t feel.
4. Space Communication
Space is an especially important factor in interpersonal communication. It can divided as (1) proxemic distances and (2) territoriality.
I. Proxemic Distances:
proxemic distances, or spatial distances: the physical distances that define the types of relationships between people and the types of communication in which they are likely to engage .
Personal Distance. The protective “ personal space, ranging from 18 inches to 4 feet is personal distance. This imaginary bubble keeps you protected and untouched by others. At the outer limit of personal distance, you can touch another person only if both of you extend your arms. This is the distance at which you conduct most of your interpersonal interactions;for example, talking with friends and family.