1.The sender is the source or originator of the message.
2.The message is a verbal (spoken) or nonverbal (behavior or gesture) transmission
of ideas. The sender goes through a process of encoding to translate ideas
and emotions into a code (in our case verbal or nonverbal symbols). The message
is then passed to the receiver .
3.The receiver goes through a process of decoding to interpret the translated ideas of the sender.
4.Channel : The passing of the message travels through a channel or pathway of communication. The channel can be anything from a text message to a face-to-face discussion.
5.Noise : Anything that interferes with the transmission of the message is considered
noise. Noise consists of anything that physically or psychologically gets in the way of the message being received and understood.
Feedback: Feedback is the response or acknowledgement of the receiver to the communicator’s mind. Feedback returns information to the sender of a message, thereby enabling the sender to determine whether the message was received or correctly understood.
Field of Experience: The life experience of the encoder and decoder that create their frame of reference such as their beliefs, attitudes, and values. We each carry our field of experience wherever we go. With similar life experiences, a chance of relating each other is effective. Communication depends upon shared meaning.
Context: Every communication takes place in some context, or setting. Sometimes, the context is so natural we fail to notice it; at other times, the context makes such an impression on us that we make a conscious effort to control our behavior because of it.
Effect: Every communication has an outcome; that is it has some effect. The consequence may be monetary, cognitive, physical or emotional.
Change: Change is the final destination of any communication process. A person communicates with another to change. Change refers to the influence one has on other’s knowledge or behavior.